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ExbB/TolQ family 数据库链接: KEGG: ece:Z4359 STRING: 155864.Z4359 Most popular with customers Recombinant Human Interleukin-15 protein (IL15) Express system: E.Coli Species: Homo sapiens (Human) Recombinant Human interleukin-16 protein (IL16 ...The tolQ allele in P90C is tolQ13, an amber mutation in codon 36 of tolQ that has been shown to reduce transcription of tolA by ≈ 50% (Vianney et al., 1996). Thus, the phenotype of the tolQ mutation regarding O7 LPS surface expression can be explained by a polar effect on tolA gene expression.Email Address Password Remember me Forgot your password? Didn't receive confirmation instructions?Sep 3, 2021 · 四环素调控基因表达系统. 四环素调控基因表达系统是以大肠杆菌Tn10转座子上Tet抗性操纵子为基础而建立的。. 在细菌系统中,正常情况下,tetR将与tetO结合,抑制下游抗性基因的转录。. 当存在四环素或者四环素类似物如强力霉素时,tetR将与四环素结合,不 …Why do global brands choose Tolq? We help our clients localize their content better, faster and cheaper. We deliver a flexible, modular and configurable multi-tenant SaaS solution. We support Custom NMT models, generic NMT, and human translation. Find a …The plan for TOLQ, endorsed by the QP, shall be available on-site at all times for inspection by MOM officers. Engage NEA to ensure that, other than the health and safety buffer, adequate sanitary facilities are provided and will not result in dis-amenities or public health nuisance to neighbouring premises (for projects in non-industrial area). Mar 3, 2021, 4:38 PM SGT. SINGAPORE - To help the authorities prevent and more quickly contain disease outbreak in the dormitories, all dormitories will be regulated under a single law - the ...The TolQ, TolR, TolA, TolB, and Pal proteins appear to function in maintaining the integrity of the outer membrane, as well as facilitating the uptake of the group A colicins and the DNA of the infecting filamentous bacteriophages. Sequence data showed ... Tolq Features. Onboarding and Qualification: FAQ. Proofreading: How do I handle quality highlights? Applying html tags within translations. Finances, Onboarding, Tool & …Apr 15, 2022 · Localization of TolQ-mCherry as function of cell cycle progression in different genetic backgrounds. (a) Fluorescent profiles (demographs) of E. coli W3110 cells expressing the chromosomal fluorescent protein TolQ-mCherry, in WT, Δ tolB or Δ tolA backgrounds where n represents the number of cells for a triplicate study. Dec 16, 2013 · tolQ seedlings are delayed in their development and exhibit reduced germination frequency (germination ≥80%; n = 435). A large fraction of tolQ seedlings displays altered cotyledon formation (≥70%; n = 240; monocots, tricots, or fused cotyledons) highlighting aberrations during embryogenesis (Figure 1 A). Aerial portions of mature …Apr 15, 2022 · The core-components are composed by the three IM proteins TolA, TolQ and TolR, the periplasmic protein TolB and the OM lipoprotein Pal. 5 All the Tol-Pal proteins are recruited to the divisome.3, 6 TolB and Pal form an OM complex. Pal interacts both with TolB and the PG layer, but these two interactions are mutually exclusive.7, 8 TolA, TolQ ...Tolq is a translation solution that connects translators with e-commerce customers who need high-quality translations. Learn how to become a translator, work on projects that …Jul 2, 2013 · For this study, the plasmid carrying only tolQ (pRA031) was constructed from pRA003 (carrying both tolQ and tolR) by removal of tolR with specific restriction, followed by ligation. This tolQ construct was then excised by restriction and ligated into the identically restricted pBAD18-Cm to create pMT002. Although BOR1-GFP showed strong endosomal signals at 30 min in tolQ as well as wild-type plants, the BOR1-GFP signal in the plasma membrane remained for 120 min after high-B (100 µM boric acid) supply in the tolQ mutant (Fig. 3, Supplemental Figure 2). This result suggests that TOL proteins are required for efficient vacuolar sorting of BOR1 ...Jan 18, 2022 · What attracts TolQ or TolA to these sites is unclear. We show that FtsN indirectly attracts both proteins and that PBP1A, PBP1B, and CpoB are dispensable for their septal recruitment. However, the β-lactam aztreonam readily interferes with the septal accumulation of both TolQ and TolA, indicating that FtsN-stimulated production of septal ... May 3, 2017 · gingivalis RagB (PGN_0294) and a MotA/TolQ/ExbB proton channel family protein (PGN_0806), suggesting that these two proteins are receptors for ArcA. Figure 3. Interaction of ArcA and P. The TolA, TolB, TolQ, and TolR proteins are involved in maintaining the integrity of the Escherichia coli outer membrane and in the import of group A colicins and filamentous phage DNA. TolA, TolQ, and TolR are localized in the inner membrane while TolB is periplasmic, although a small amount of membrane-associated TolB is always found. In …This complex assembles with a minimal TolQ/TolR ratio of 4:2, therefore involving at least 14 transmembrane helices, which may form the ion pathway. The C-terminal periplasmic domain of TolR protein interacts with TolQ and has been proposed to control the TolQR channel activity.Mar 3, 2021, 4:38 PM SGT. SINGAPORE - To help the authorities prevent and more quickly contain disease outbreak in the dormitories, all dormitories will be regulated under a single law - the ...May 1, 2002 · The Tol system comprises five proteins, TolQ, TolR, TolA, TolB and Pal. The tolQRAB and pal genes are clustered in the genomes of most Gram-negative bacteria so far sequenced 〚7〛.In E. coli, they are transcribed from two promoters, giving the ybgC–tolQ–tolR–tolA–tolB–pal–ybgF and tolB–pal–ybgF transcripts 〚8〛, 〚9〛.No …Jan 18, 2022 · In Escherichia coli, the five Tol-Pal proteins (TolQ, -R, -A, and -B and Pal) accumulate at cell constriction sites in a manner that normally requires the activity of the cell constriction initiation protein FtsN. While septal recruitment of TolR, TolB, and Pal also requires the presence of TolQ and/or TolA, the latter two can recognize ...The phenotypes of each strain was carefully checked to control if the tolQ mutants were able to restore all the defects generated by the tolA mutations. In the presence of wild-type TolA protein, none of the tolQ mutations led to an altered tol phenotype, indicating that the changes generated by these mutations were not crucial for TolQ function. The protein Pal (peptidoglycan-associated lipoprotein) is anchored in the outer membrane (OM) of Gram-negative bacteria and interacts with Tol proteins. Tol-Pal proteins form two complexes: the first is composed of three inner membrane Tol proteins (TolA, TolQ and TolR); the second consists of the TolB and Pal proteins linked to the cell's OM.Feb 28, 2022 · 它由三种 IM 蛋白 TolA、TolQ 和 TolR、周质蛋白 TolB 和 OM 脂蛋白 Pal 组成。 Tol-Pal 系统的蛋白质在细胞分裂过程中被动态募集到细胞隔膜。 TolA 是 Tol-Pal 系统的中心枢纽,具有三个结构域:一个跨膜螺旋 (TolA 1 )、一个长的第二螺旋周质结构域 (TolA 2 ) 和一个 C 末端球状结构域 (TolA 3)。Aug 1, 1999 · The TolQ TolR TolA proteins form a complex in the cytoplasmic membrane, while TolB and Pal interact near the outer membrane. Most of the amino acid residues of TolA, TolB, TolR and Pal are localized in the periplasm. Recent advances in the knowledge of interactions of Tol-Pal proteins with other envelope components, or with group A …Tolq.com contact info: Phone number: +31 610877700 Website: www.tolq.com What does Tolq.com do? Tolq offers several ways to exchange content. Directly connecting our API to your CMS and/or ERP systems is best suited for high-volume translation. Sep 29, 2021 · MotA/TolQ/ExbB proton channel family. This family groups together integral membrane proteins that appear to be involved translocation of proteins across a membrane. These proteins are probably proton channels. MotA is an essential component of the flageller motor that uses a proton gradient to generate rotational motion in the flageller.Dec 5, 2013 · tolQ seedlings are delayed in their development and exhibit reduced germination frequency (germination ≥80%; n = 435). A large fraction of tolQ seedlings displays altered cotyledon formation (≥70%; n = 240; monocots, tricots, or fused cotyledons) highlighting aberrations during embryogenesis (Figure 1A). Aerial portions of mature …Aug 1, 1996 · Sequence data showed that these genes are clustered in a 6-kb segment of DNA with the gene order orf1 tolQ tolR tolA tolB pal orf2 (a newly identified open reading frame encoding a 29-kD9 protein).May 12, 1995 · The TolA, TolB, TolQ, and TolR proteins are involved in maintaining the integrity of the Escherichia coli outer membrane and in the import of group A colicins and filamentous phage DNA. TolA, TolQ, and TolR are localized in the inner membrane while TolB is periplasmic, although a small amount of membrane-associated TolB is always …Apr 13, 2022 · The structurally related exbB and tolQ genes are interchangeable in conferring tonB-dependent colicin, bacteriophage, and albomycin sensitivity. J. Bacteriol. 171 , 6387–6390 (1989).Jan 11, 2020 · 人工高分子模拟天然跨膜质子通道功能. 发布日期:2020-01-11 浏览次数: 次. 我院新引进人才姜涛教授在博士后期间的模拟蛋白质功能高分子设计工作在线发表于《自然》杂志(Nature, 2020, 577, 216-220 )。. 论文标题为 “Single-Chain Heteropolymers Transport Protons Selectively and ...May 30, 2020 · A homology model of TolQ-TolR based on 5:2 subunit stoichiometry is shown in Fig. 2B– D. The TolQ pentameric assembly similarly forms a large cytoplasmic chamber but with distinct charge patterning on its inner surface relative to that seen in ExbB (Fig. 2E). ExbB has a band of positive charge in the middle of the chamber followed by a ... Apr 17, 2023 · Tolq is an organised company focusing on all the right aspects every employee needs to succeed in their work. The company offers structured work environments, great work-life balance, friendly colleagues and a constant emphasis on growth opportunities for all employees. It's important to feel productive and make a …3 days ago · Subunit. The Tol-Pal system is composed of five core proteins: the inner membrane proteins TolA, TolQ and TolR, the periplasmic protein TolB and the outer membrane protein Pal. They form a network linking the inner and outer membranes and the peptidoglycan layer ( PubMed: 17233825 ). TolA interacts with TolQ and TolR via its N …The TolA, TolB, TolQ, and TolR proteins are involved in maintaining the integrity of the Escherichia coli outer membrane and in the import of group A colicins and filamentous phage DNA. TolA, TolQ, and TolR are localized in the inner membrane while TolB is periplasmic, although a small amount of membrane-associated TolB is always found. In …Experienced translators, supported by AI. Our community of 22,500 translators live in every corner of the world, and they have all passed rigorous tests to ensure you get trustworthy, native-quality translations at scale. Become a translator. Jan 25, 2022 · The Tol–Pal systGetting Started Access keys Create a Translation Request Tolq is a translation solution that connects trans

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TolQ and their homologs (MotA, ExbB) are though.

Aug 23, 2023 · To ensure in situ lycopene production, murein lipoprotein, lipoprotein NlpI, inner membrane permease protein, and membrane-anchored protein in TolA-TolQ-TolR were deleted for improved membrane permeability. The final strain, LYC-8, produced 438.44 ± 8.11 and 136.94 ± 1.94 mg/L of extracellular and intracellular lycopene in fed-batch …Aug 1, 1996 · Sequence data showed that these genes are clustered in a 6-kb segment of DNA with the gene order orf1 tolQ tolR tolA tolB pal orf2 (a newly identified open reading frame encoding a 29-kD9 protein).Jun 15, 2023 · The transmission electron microscopy and energy spectroscopy (Fig. 2) revealed significant differences in EGS12 under different Se(IV) concentration stresses.At high Se(IV) concentrations (2 mM), most of the SeNPs were observed inside the cells (Fig. 2 e, shown by red arrows) and only a small amount of SeNPs was present in the external …One of the most difficult $10 oil seal to Replace is most likely in all transmission vehicles since gearbox are manual control. the manual gearbox will also ...Apr 27, 2017 · Abundance of alpha helices in the identified proteins ranged from 25.26% in elongation factor Tu to 58.65% in the motA/TolQ/ExbB proton channel family. Electron transfer flavoprotein subunit alpha contained the most beta turns with an abundance of 13.50%, and the content of beta turns in the motA/TolQ/ExbB proton channel family was …This is 22 per cent higher than the 27 accidents at such sites in the same period in 2022. There were no deaths at LTA worksites in the first eight months of 2023. When contacted, LTA said ...May 30, 2020 · A homology model of TolQ-TolR based on 5:2 subunit stoichiometry is shown in Fig. 2B– D. The TolQ pentameric assembly similarly forms a large cytoplasmic chamber but with distinct charge patterning on its inner surface relative to that seen in ExbB (Fig. 2E). ExbB has a band of positive charge in the middle of the chamber followed by a ... For this study, the plasmid carrying only tolQ (pRA031) was constructed from pRA003 (carrying both tolQ and tolR) by removal of tolR with specific restriction, followed by ligation. This tolQ construct was then excised by restriction and ligated into the identically restricted pBAD18‐Cm to create pMT002.Sep 25, 2019 · For A:kan and AB::kan disruption mutants, pET-14b plasmid (Novagen, Madison, WI, USA) was used. First, motA and motAB (an operon comprising the motA and motB genes) were amplified from the genomic DNA of K. hansenii ATCC 53582 with sequence specific primers (Suppl. Table 1) and inserted using XbaI into plasmid pET …May 1, 1995 · Abstract. The TolA, TolB, TolQ, and TolR proteins are involved in maintaining the integrity of the Escherichia coli outer membrane and in the import of group A colicins and filamentous phage DNA. TolA, TolQ, and TolR are localized in the inner membrane while TolB is periplasmic, although a small amount of membrane-associated TolB is always …Pros. Tolq is an organised company focusing on all the right aspects every employee needs to succeed in their work. The company offers structured work …May 1, 1995 · Abstract. The TolA, TolB, TolQ, and TolR proteins are involved in maintaining the integrity of the Escherichia coli outer membrane and in the import of group A colicins and filamentous phage DNA. TolA, TolQ, and TolR are localized in the inner membrane while TolB is periplasmic, although a small amount of membrane-associated TolB is always …Details. Tolq.com is a provider of hassle-free website translation that translates its users’ websites and allows them to reach millions of new people. It investigates its users’ …Sep 3, 2021 · 四环素调控基因表达系统. 四环素调控基因表达系统是以大肠杆菌Tn10转座子上Tet抗性操纵子为基础而建立的。. 在细菌系统中,正常情况下,tetR将与tetO结合,抑制下游抗性基因的转录。. 当存在四环素或者四环素类似物如强力霉素时,tetR将与四环素结合,不 …Kampfenkel K, Braun V. Membrane topologies of the TolQ and TolR proteins of Escherichia coli: inactivation of TolQ by a missense mutation in the proposed first transmembrane segment. J Bacteriol. 1993 Jul; 175 (14):4485–4491. [PMC free article] [Google Scholar] Karlsson M, Hannavy K, Higgins CF.Aug 3, 2017 · ProcessOn使用方法教程:. 1、打开在本站下载的ProcessOn软件后,在电脑本地得到一个压缩包,使用360压缩软件解压后,将TXT文本中的地址复制到百度地址栏中,打开ProcessOn,点击右上角的【注册】选项。. 2、依次输入手机号、密码,获取验证码后,再输入不超过15 ...Tolq | 6,027 followers on LinkedIn. Scalable E-Commerce Localization | Language connects people and organizations. Language is the only barrier to a global market of hundreds of millions of people ...Nov 20, 2020 · TolQ than with ExbB indicated that the TolA anchor interacts with TolQ within the membrane bilayer (14). Furthermore, Lazzaroni et al. (20) obtained suppressor mutations in the anchor of TolR by using a mutant in a transmembrane region of TolQ which suggested that TolQ and TolR interact through their transmembrane domains.TolQ is a 230-amino-acid protein required to maintain the integrity of the bacterial envelope and to facilitate the import of both filamentous bacteriophage and group A colicins. Cellular fractionation experiments showed TolQ to be localized to the cytoplasmic membrane. Bacteria expressing a series …ExbB/TolQ family 数据库链接: KEGG: ece:Z4359 STRING: 155864.Z4359 Most popular with customers Recombinant Human Interleukin-15 protein (IL15) Express system: E.Coli Species: Homo sapiens (Human) Recombinant Human interleukin-16 protein (IL16 ...Apr 15, 2022 · The core-coOct 1, 2022 · The TolA, TolQ, and TolR ar

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Jan 25, 2022 · The Tol–Pal system of Gram-negative bacteria is necessary for maintaining outer membrane integrity. It is a multiprotein complex of five envelope proteins, TolQ, TolR, TolA, TolB, and Pal. These proteins were first investigated in E. coli, and subsequently been identified in many other bacterial genera.Dec 16, 2013 · tolQ seedlings are delayed in their development and exhibit reduced germination frequency (germination ≥80%; n = 435). A large fraction of tolQ seedlings displays altered cotyledon formation (≥70%; n = 240; monocots, tricots, or fused cotyledons) highlighting aberrations during embryogenesis (Figure 1 A). Aerial portions of mature …Onboarding FAQ. Frequently asked questions about onboarding and qualification. I have added my language pair (s) but there doesn’t seem to be a Qualification Task available. Why am I not receiving any jobs? What’s the status of my Qualification Task? My qualification task has not been assessed within 2 weeks My qualification task has been ... Feb 1, 2007 · TolQ and TolA localize independently of any of the other four Tol–Pal proteins, while TolR and Pal require other components of the system. Studies with a fluorescent periplasmic probe (TT GFP) showed a localized expansion of the periplasm at constriction sites in tolA, pal and tolQ-pal mutant cells. In addition, they revealed the prolific ...Mar 10, 2022 · The Tol/Pal system (also written as “The Tol-Pal system”) is a set of protein complexes produced by most Gram-negative bacteria. It comprises the inner membrane-associated and the outer membrane-anchored subunits composed of the TolA, TolQ, and TolR proteins and the TolB and Pal proteins, respectively. Although the Tol/Pal system was first defined as bacterial proteins involved in colicin ... TolQ and TolA localize independently of any of the other four Tol–Pal proteins, while TolR and Pal require other components of the system. Studies with a fluorescent periplasmic probe (TT GFP) showed a localized expansion of the periplasm at constriction sites in tolA, pal and tolQ-pal mutant cells. In addition, they revealed the prolific ...Jul 2, 2013 · For this study, the plasmid carrying only tolQ (pRA031) was constructed from pRA003 (carrying both tolQ and tolR) by removal of tolR with specific restriction, followed by ligation. This tolQ construct was then excised by restriction and ligated into the identically restricted pBAD18-Cm to create pMT002. Jan 2, 2018 · 解相关疾病的发生发展过程,从而为有效的治愈这 3 GPI锚定蛋白的功能 些疾病提供一个新的突破 口,因此有必要对 GPI锚 定蛋白进行更深入的研究,进一步认识其结构、生物 GPI锚定蛋 白具有一些功能特征:GPI锚定蛋 合成途径及其功能。. 白在免疫系统中能 …The phenotypes of each strain was carefully checked to control if the tolQ mutants were able to restore all the defects generated by the tolA mutations. In the presence of wild-type TolA protein, none of the tolQ mutations led to an altered tol phenotype, indicating that the changes generated by these mutations were not crucial for TolQ function. Getting Started Access keys Create a Translation Request Retrieve a Translation Request Sizing Callbacks Limits Special characters, encoding, HTML entities and newlines …Unlike wild type, in which BRZ-induced inhibition of brassinolide biosynthesis enhances vacuolar targeting of PIN2:ubq:VEN, tolQ antagonizes these BRZ effects (Fig. 3c, g). Variations in PIN2:ubq:VEN endocytosis caused by altered brassinolide homeostasis thus, require the TOL/ESCRT machinery, guiding ubiquitylated membrane proteins from …Quarters (CTQ) and Temporary Occupation Licence Quarters (TOLQ) are considered to be staying dormitories and are also mandated to be on the PCP. • Mandatory PCP is not by job designation (e.g., Construction Managers, Quality Surveyors) but by Pass Type, i.e. Work Permit and S Pass, and the industry sectors the work pass is issued under. Oct 25, 2005 · Subunit. The Tol-Pal system is composed of five core proteins: the inner membrane proteins TolA, TolQ and TolR, the periplasmic protein TolB and the outer membrane protein Pal. They form a network linking the inner and outer membranes and the peptidoglycan layer ( PubMed: 17233825 ). TolQ interacts with the N-terminal domain of …Jan 2, 2020 · Besides TolA, the complex is composed of TolQ and TolR, which are embedded in the IM thanks to three TM domains and one TM domain, respectively. TolQ and TolR both interact with the TM domain of TolA, forming an IM subcomplex with a stoichiometry of four to six TolQs, two TolRs, and one TolA (33,– 37). Apr 13, 2022 · The structurally related exbB and tolQ genes are interchangeable in conferring tonB-dependent colicin, bacteriophage, and albomycin sensitivity. J. Bacteriol. 171 , 6387–6390 (1989).{ "request": { "title": { "text": "The example", }, "intro": { "text": "An example on how to use Tolq" }, "body": { "text": "Tolq is a platform that allows you easily translate lots of …TolQ structurally most resembles ExbB with three core transmembrane helices (T 1-3) and three accessory helices (A 1-3) (SI Appendix, Fig. S4 C and F). The position of conserved Thr (TolQ/ExbB/MotA) and Asp (TolR/ExbD/MotB) residues proposed to be involved in the proton transduction pathway is also structurally conserved across …The nucleotide sequence of a 2.9-kb DNA fragment containing the tolQ, tolR, and tolA genes was determined. The DNA sequence predicts TolQ to be a 25,250-Da protein exhibiting 53% identity to E. coli TolQ. TolR is predicted to be a 15,788-Da protein, sharing 38% identity with the E. coli TolR protein. The P. aeruginosa tolA sequence predicts a ... Feb 1, 2007 · TolQ and TolA localize independently of any of the other four Tol–Pal proteins, while TolR and Pal require other components of the system. Studies with a fluorescent periplasmic probe (TT GFP) showed a localized expansion of the periplasm at constriction sites in tolA, pal and tolQ-pal mutant cells. In addition, they revealed the prolific ...Jun 1, 2022 · Tolq’s human-powered and NMT-supported flows are ideal for processing high volumes of content at a fast speed, all while maintaining a high level of quality and cost-efficiency. Save up to 80% over time compared to solutions that use traditional (manual) translation flows.Jul 2, 2013 · For this study, the plasmid carrying only tolQ (pRA031) was constructed from pRA003 (carrying both tolQ and tolR) by removal of tolR with specific restriction, followed by ligation. This tolQ construct was then excised by restriction and ligated into the identically restricted pBAD18-Cm to create pMT002. Besides lacking the tolQ-cpoB gene cluster, these strains also carry a strong superfission allele of the ftsB division gene, which promotes cell constriction and allows cells to survive and divide in the complete absence of FtsN . The strains displayed phenotypes typical for ftsB E56A ftsN + (CH238) or ftsB E56A ΔftsN (CH239) cells . Mar 3, 2022 · Two TolQ monomers are shown in cartoon format with a single TolR monomer. (B) The relative conservation of TolQ-TolR residues, which was generated following alignment (Clustal Omega) of ten TolQ sequences from different species, indicates that the most conserved residues map to the top or bottom of the TolQ lumen. The most-conserved residues of ... Mar 9, 2007 · Section snippets Mutant construction. Helices 2 (TM2, residues P138 to A158) and 3 (TM3, residues P169 to P187) of the TolQ protein together with the transmembrane helix of the TolR protein (residues P20 to P37) may act as determinants to couple the transfer of protons or ions to conformational change(s) within the TolQRA complex. 14 …The phenotypes of each strain was carefully checked to control if the tolQ mutants were able to restore all the defects generated by the tolA mutations. In the presence of wild-type TolA protein, none of the tolQ mutations led to an altered tol phenotype, indicating that the changes generated by these mutations were not crucial for TolQ function.The tolQ, tolR, and tolA genes from Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO were cloned using degenerate oligonucleotide PCR primers designed based on conserved transmembrane regions of Escherichia coli TolQ and TolR and E. coli and Pseudomonas putida ExbB and ExbD. The resulting PCR product was used as a probe …The Canyon Torque models and builds. The Canyon Torque 5 is the entry-level model, priced at € 2699, while the range-topping, € 5799 Torque CF 9 is more than twice as expensive.Dec 5, 2013 · tolQ seedlings are delayed in their development and exhibit reduced germination frequency (germination ≥80%; n = 435). A large fraction of tolQ seedlings displays altered cotyledon formation (≥70%; n = 240; monocots, tricots, or fused cotyledons) highlighting aberrations during embryogenesis (Figure 1A). Aerial portions of mature … Dec 22, 2006 · TolQ and TolA loc